Number - fractions

Pupils should be taught to:

  • recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3 , 1/4 , 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • write simple fractions, for example 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2

Notes and guidance (non-statutory)

Pupils use fractions as ‘fractions of’ discrete and continuous quantities by solving problems using shapes, objects and quantities. They connect unit fractions to equal sharing and grouping, to numbers when they can be calculated, and to measures, finding fractions of lengths, quantities, sets of objects or shapes. They meet 3/4 as the first example of a non-unit fraction.

Pupils should count in fractions up to 10, starting from any number and using the 1/2 and 2/4 equivalence on the number line (for example, 1 1/4 , 1 2/4 (or 1 1/2 ), 1 3/4 , 2). This reinforces the concept of fractions as numbers and that they can add up to more than 1.